Posted by The Situationist Staff on May 3, 2011
Matt Motyl and his co-authors recently posted their excellent article, titled “Subtle Priming of Shared Human Experiences Eliminates Threat-Induced Negativity Toward Arabs, Immigrants, and Peace-Making” on SSRN (forthcoming (April 20, 2011). Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.
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Many studies demonstrate that mortality salience can increase negativity toward out-groups but few have examined variables that mitigate this effect. The present research examined whether subtly priming people to think of human experiences shared by people from diverse cultures increases perceived similarity of members of different groups, which then reduces MS-induced negativity toward out-groups. In Study 1, exposure to pictures of people from diverse cultures engaged in common human activities non-significantly reversed the effect of MS on implicit anti-Arab prejudice. In Study 2, thinking about similarities between one’s own favorite childhood memories and those of people from other countries eliminated MS-induced explicit negative attitudes toward immigrants. In Study 3, thinking about similarities between one’s own painful childhood memories and those of people from other countries eliminated the MS-induced reduction in support for peace-making. Mediation analyzes suggest the effects were driven by perceived similarity of people across cultures. These findings suggest that priming widely shared human experiences can attenuate MS-induced inter-group conflict.
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Download the article for free here.
Related Situationist posts:
Posted in Abstracts, Conflict, Implicit Associations, Life | Tagged: Conflict, immigration, Implicit Associations, intergroup relations, peace-making, prejudice, Terror Management, war | 1 Comment »
Posted by The Situationist Staff on June 1, 2010
From This American Life:
“A young Iraqi ends up in America after fleeing Iraq and goes on a road trip to ask Americans questions about the War. But he approaches people in a very specific way, a way you might actually recognize from Peanuts comics. The conversations he has illuminate how we form opinions about a war happening far away.”
The roughly sixteen minutes worth of video are, like most TAL stories, outstanding. We include them on the Situationist, however, because of how powerfully the dialogues illustrate the influence of system justification, in-group bias, and other psychological motives.
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To read a sample of related Situationist posts, see “The Cruelty of Children,” “Racism Meets Groupism and Teamism,” “‘Us’ and ‘Them,’” “The Situation of an Airstrike,” “The Situation of Soldiers,” “Our Soldiers, Their Children: The Lasting Impact of the War in Iraq,” “The Situation of a “Volunteer” Army,” “Some (Interior) Situational Sources War – Part I,” “Some (Interior) Situational Sources of War – Part VII,” “Lessons Learned from the Abu Ghraib Horrors,” “Michael McCullough on the Situation of Revenge and Forgiveness,” “The Disturbing Mental Health Situation of Returning Soldiers,” and “March Madness.”
Posted in Conflict, History, Ideology, Politics, System Legitimacy, Video | Tagged: Conflict, System Justification, Talk with an Iraqi, This American Life, war | Leave a Comment »