The Situationist

Search Results

The Situation of Optimism

Posted on March 12, 2012

From theRSAorg: Neuroscientist Tali Sharot visits the RSA to explain the biological bias of optimism, and its effect on our lives and societies. Related Situationist posts: Dan Gilbert at HLS on The Situation of Good Decisions Missing the Situation Leads to Optimism Among Powerful Neural Origins of Optimism, Self-Serving Biases Some Situational Sources of War The Situation of Reason […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Illusions, Life, Neuroscience, Positive Psychology, Social Psychology, Video | 2 Comments »

Missing the Situation Leads to Optimism Among Powerful

Posted on April 1, 2010

From the University of Kent: * * * Power leads to greater errors in forecasts, according to new research led by social psychologist Dr Mario Weick at the University of Kent. The research, to be published by the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, shows that when people feel powerful they become more optimistic and less […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Choice Myth, Distribution, Life | 1 Comment »

Neural Origins of Optimism

Posted on October 26, 2007

In a previous posts, we described “optimism bias” (see “Self-Serving Biases“) and some of its effects (see “Some Situational Sources of War” and “The Situation of College Debt“). Researchers at New York University this week report discovering a neural network that might generate that common tendency toward great expectations. We excerpt the press release from […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Social Psychology | 2 Comments »

Self-Serving Biases

Posted on May 24, 2007

Kyung M. Song of the Seattle Times has an interesting article on how we tend to think that we are better than we are. We have excerpted portions of the article below. * * * David Dunning played the cello seriously as a teen — and he thought himself quite talented. Then Dunning heard a […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Social Psychology | 4 Comments »

Dan Gilbert at HLS on The Situation of Good Decisions – Another Version

Posted on February 26, 2012

From the Harvard Law Website (Jill Greenfield): There is a simple method for making decisions, from trivial to life changing, that most people find easy to understand but impossible to follow. In a talk entitled “How To Do Precisely the Right Thing At All Possible Times,” Daniel Gilbert, Professor of Psychology at Harvard University, author […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Choice Myth, Emotions, Evolutionary Psychology, Life, Positive Psychology, Social Psychology | 1 Comment »

Homo economicus at the Ballpark

Posted on October 12, 2011

Looking at ESPN.com on Monday evening, as I watched the once lowly Detroit Lions continue their strange journey to respectability, I came across a survey: Which of these NFL teams, currently under .500, has the best chance of making the playoffs? Eagles (1-4) Falcons (2-3) Jets (2-3) Personally, I don’t think any of these teams […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Situationist Sports | Leave a Comment »

The Situation of College Debt – Part I

Posted on September 21, 2007

Business Week recently published an excellent collection of articles (by Jessica Silver-Greenberg) examining the increasing use of credit cards by college students. The series sheds light on some of the situational sources of the escalating debt loads of college graduates, one component of a wider debt and and bankruptcy epidemic. Over the next several weeks, […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Choice Myth, Deep Capture, Marketing | 7 Comments »

Some (Interior) Situational Sources War – Part IV

Posted on June 8, 2007

This series is devoted to highlighting some of the psychological tendencies that encourage individuals and groups to enter conflicts and wars that they later regret. Part I and Part II of the series included portions of an article co-authored by Daniel Kahneman and Jonathan Renshon, titled “Why Hawks Win.” Part III reproduced an op-ed written […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in History, Politics, Public Policy, Social Psychology | 8 Comments »

Some (Interior) Situational Sources War – Part II

Posted on June 3, 2007

In Part I of this series about psychological tendencies that encourage groups to enter wars that they later regret, we excerpted portions of an article in the January/February 2007 issue of Foreign Policy, co-authored by Nobel Laureate Daniel Kahneman and Jonathan Renshon, titled “Why Hawks Win.” In that article, Kahneman & Renshon explain that the […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in History, Politics, Social Psychology | 2 Comments »

The Psychological Situation of Markets

Posted on July 8, 2013

From Caltec News (by Marcus Woo): When it comes to economics versus psychology, score one for psychology. Economists argue that markets usually reflect rational behavior—that is, the dominant players in a market, such as the hedge-fund managers who make billions of dollars’ worth of trades, almost always make well-informed and objective decisions. Psychologists, on the […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Behavioral Economics, Social Psychology | Leave a Comment »

Dan Gilbert at HLS on The Situation of Good Decisions

Posted on February 23, 2012

From the Harvard Gazette: To take a gratifying, low-paying job or a well-paid corporate position, to get married or play the field, to move across the country or stay put: The fact that most people face such choices at some point in their lives doesn’t make them any easier. No one knows the dilemma better […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Choice Myth, Emotions, Evolutionary Psychology, Life, Positive Psychology, Social Psychology | Leave a Comment »

Unequal Juries

Posted on June 24, 2011

Wendy Parker posted her article, “Juries, Race, and Gender: A Story of Today’s Inequality” (Wake Forest Law Review, Vol. 46, pp. 209-240, 2011), on SSRN.  Here’s the abstracst. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 was supposed to be a victory for employment discrimination plaintiffs – a dramatic expansion of their rights. Twenty years later, however, […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Abstracts, Distribution, Law | Leave a Comment »

Situationism in the Blogosphere – November, Part II

Posted on December 11, 2009

Below, we’ve posted titles and a brief quotation from some of our favorite non-Situationist situationist blogging during November 2009 (they are listed in alphabetical order by source). * * * From Art Markman Psychology Today Blog: “When cigarette warnings backfire” “[…]  There are two classes of measures that have been taken to fight smoking (and […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Blogroll | 2 Comments »

Barbara Ehrenreich – a Situationist

Posted on October 14, 2009

Barbara Ehrenreich’s terrific, highly situationist, new book is now on the shelves, Bright-Sided: How the Relentless Promotion of Positive Thinking has Undermined America. From a related Time Magazine article here’s a brief sample of her writing on the topic of optimism. * * * If you’re craving a quick hit of optimism, reading a news […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Book, Cultural Cognition, Deep Capture, Emotions, Ideology, Life, Positive Psychology, System Legitimacy | 5 Comments »

The Situation of a Situationist – Mahzarin Banaji

Posted on October 24, 2008

Billy Baker wrote a nice article, titled “She Explores Inner Workings of Bias,” about Situationist contributor Mahzarin Banaji in last week’s Boston Globe.  Here are some excerpts. * * * For two decades, Banaji has been a leading researcher into the nature of our implicit, unconscious biases, particularly as they unfold in a social context. […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Implicit Associations, Life, Politics, Social Psychology | 1 Comment »

The Market’s Personality: Dispositionalizing Situational Characters

Posted on September 17, 2008

Joel Garreau and Shankar Vedantam have a nice article, “Dealing with Scary Mr. Market,” in Tuesday’s Washington Post about the human tendency to see human tendencies in non-humans.  The inclination to anthropomorphize is, in our view, better understood as another example of the inclination to dispositionalize — a misleading bias even when directed at the […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Choice Myth, Illusions, Life, Social Psychology | 1 Comment »

Patricia Devine on Resisting Implicit Associations

Posted on September 4, 2008

Nicole Fritz has a nice article summarizing research of Patricia Devine, a University of Wisconsin-Madison psychology professor. Here’s a sample. * * * It is a question on many Americans’ minds: Is the United States ready for a black president, or will deep-rooted and even unconscious prejudices show at the polls? For Patricia Devine, . […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in Conflict, Implicit Associations, Positive Psychology, Social Psychology | 1 Comment »

Some (Interior) Situational Sources War – Part V

Posted on June 9, 2007

This series is devoted to highlighting some of the psychological tendencies that encourage individuals and groups to enter conflicts and wars that they later regret. Part I and Part II of the series included portions of an article co-authored by Daniel Kahneman and Jonathan Renshon, titled “Why Hawks Win.” Part III reproduced an op-ed written […]

Read the rest of this post...

Posted in History, Politics, Public Policy, Social Psychology | 5 Comments »